The Gallic Chronicle of 511 is an anonymous chronicle that begins with the final years of Gratian's rule and ends in the year 511 CE. Thus, it covers a longer time span than the Gallic Chronicle of 452, but it is a shorter text.
Though dubbed a Gallic chronicle, there are grounds for debating as to whether the author was based in Gaul. Unlike the Gallic Chronicle of 452, this chronicle features in-depth coverage of events in Spain and includes a reference to the Spanish 'era' system of dating at one point (compare with the later Byzantine-Arabic Chronicle and Mozarabic Chronicle, both of which use the era dating and were undoubtedly written by Iberians). That said, if it were the work of a Spanish author, it is odd not to find the 'era' system throughout the work. It could be argued that the author was specifically based in a southern Gallic city like Arles, which is near to the Spain and is mentioned multiple times in this chronicle. That is the view taken by Burgess, and it seems to be plausible.
As with the Gallic Chronicle of 452, I have used Burgess' version of this chronicle as it appears in 'Society and Culture in Late Antique Gaul.' The main dating system as it appears in the text is similar to the one employed in the Gallic Chronicle of 452: the relevant Roman emperors are mentioned as ruling for X number of years, and then the chronicle documents what occurred within the years of those reigns. For example, from the opening:
Gratian and Valentinian II- five years.
Valentinian II and Theodosius I- eight years.
Theodosius I alone- three years.
Arcadius and Honorius together- twelve years.
In this text, the last Western Roman emperor mentioned in the text is Anthemius (467-472 CE). There is no mention of the four emperors who followed in quick succession: Olybrius, Glycerius, Julius Nepos and Romulus Augustus. Perhaps the author did not know their names, or determined that they were not relevant to his chronological system. After Anthemius, the chronicler solely dates according to the rule of the Eastern Roman emperor: thus Zeno and then Anastasius.
I have translated the text in full below. I have included some endnotes as well. For further reference, please consult and read the Gallic Chronicle of 452, which serves as an appropriate point of comparison with the Gallic Chronicle of 511.
The Gallic Chronicle up to year 511
Gratianus after the death of his uncle[i] ruled for five years with his small brother Valentinus.[ii]
In the first year: Gratianus put in charge of the Eastern empire Theodosius, the son of the comes Theodosius, elected at Sirmium.[iii]
In the fifth year: Gratianus was killed through the trickery of the usurper Maximus at Lugdunum, where he had fled, with Andragasius[iv] as commander.
The younger Valentinianus ruled for eight years with Theodosius after his brother.
In the first year: Iustina the mother of Valentinianus assailed Ambrosius in favour of the Arrian heresy.
In the fourth year: Valentinianus, who had fled to Theudosius, returned with him from the East to Italy.
In the fifth year: Maximus the usurper was killed at Aquileia.[v]
Iustina the mother of Valentinianus died.
Appollinaris, who had been a heretic about the soul of Christ, [also died].[vi]
In the eighth year: a sign in the sky, a column hanging for thirty days.
Valentinianus was strangled at Vienna by the trickery of the comes Arbogastes.
Eugenius became a usurper.
Theodosius ruled for three years after Valentinianus.
In the second year: Theodosius put his son Archadius in charge of the East, hastened against Eugenius and defeated him.
In the third year: Theodosius, seeing that he was at the end of his life, put his other son Honorius in charge of the West. He himself indeed died at Mediolanum.
Archadius in the East and Honorius in the West together for twelve years.
Saint Martinus the bishop died.
In the fourth year: a son was born to Archadius in the East: the younger Theodosius.
In the fifth year: Alaricus the king of the Goths broke through the Julian Alps[vii] and entered Italy.
In the sixth year: Saint Augustinus wrote very many things.
Severus wrote the life of Saint Martinus.
In the seventh year: the younger Theodosius was made Augustus.
A solar eclipse occurred.
In the ninth year: after Radagaisus the king of the Goths entered Italy, he was killed in Tuscia[viii] with his own men by Stelico.[ix]
In the tenth year: the Alans and Vuandals[x] and Suevi entered the Gallic lands.
In the twelfth year: Archadius died, leaving the Eastern empire to his small son Theodosius.
Honorius ruled with the younger Theodosius his nephew for eighteen years after his brother.
In the second year: the Alans, Vuandals and Suevi entered the Spanish lands in era 446.
In the third year: Alaricus entered Rome.[xi] Placidia was captured.
When Alaricus died, Ataulfus became king of the Goths.
Two years before the break-in to Rome, the peoples were stirred by Stilico and his son Euchericus.
In the fifth year: the Alans took Cartaginensis[xii] and Lusitania[xiii] and a part of the Vuandals who were called Silingi[xiv] seized Bethica.[xv] Indeed the remaining Vuandals took Gallecia[xvi] with the Suevi.
In the seventh year: the Goths entered Narbona,[xvii] where Ataulfus married Placidia.
In the tenth year: after Ataulfus was killed at Barcinona,[xviii] Valia[xix] ruled the Goths. Soon after he made peace with Constantinus[xx] the patrician, he made war against the Alans and Vuandals who held Lusitania and Bethica.
In the eleventh year: Constancius the patrician married Placidia who had been restored back.
Valia extinguished the Alans with their king Addaces[xxi] as well as the Silingui, who were the Vuandals in Bethica.
On the orders of Constantinus and with the halting of the war, which was still going on inside Gallecia, the Goths turned back to the Gallic lands and received places of residence from Tholosa[xxii] to Burdegala[xxiii] towards the Ocean.
In the thirteenth year: as a dispute arose between Gundericus[xxiv] the ruler of the Vuandals and Hemericus the ruler of the Suevi, the Suevi were besieged by the Vuandals in the mountains of Erbasi.[xxv]
In the fourteenth year: the Vuandals abandoned the siege of the Suevi and left Gallecia and crossed into Bethica.
Valentinianus was born in Ravenna and Constancius was taken up as co-ruler and died after the sixth month. Bonifacius invaded Affrica.
In the seventeenth year: Honorius, with his Tricennalia completed, died at Ravenna.
Placidia, caught by her brothers in plotting traps, was exiled.
Iohannes of the chief of the notaries usurped power. He was killed after a year.
Theodosius ruled with Valentinianus the son of his aunt for twenty-five years after Honorius his uncle.[xxvi]
In the fifth year: the Vuandals plundered the Balearic Islands and destroyed Cartago Spartaria[xxvii] and Ispalis.[xxviii] After plundering Spania, they seized ships and sought Mauritania[xxix] under their king Gesericus.[xxx] For Gundericus his brother, as he wished to extend his impious hands into the church after the capture of Yspalis,[xxxi] died after being possessed by a demon.
In the eighth year: Aezius[xxxii] the master of soldiers called the Huns to Roman soil to aid him. Their king was at the time Ruga, but Aecius[xxxiii] returned into the grace of the empire.
After Ruga died Actila became king.[xxxiv]
In the twelfth year: Valentinianus went to the East to receive a wife. Narbona was besieged by the Goths.
In the thirteenth year: Valentinianus returned. The Burgundians were defeated by Aezius the patrician. The Theodosian book of laws was issued.
In the fourteenth year: Cartago was captured by Gensericus and Eudaxia[xxxv] received the realm at Ravenna.
Leo was the fortieth bishop of Rome.[xxxvi]
In the sixteenth year: the British lands, lost by the Romans, came under the rule of the Saxons.
In the twenty-fifth year: Theudosius the younger died in Constantinople. Placidia died in Rome.
Valentinianus ruled at Rome for five more years after Theudosius his uncle.
Marchianus ruled after Theudosius at Constantinople.
In the first year: Aezius the patrician with Theodoricus the king of the Goths fought against Atila the king of the Huns at Tricasis[xxxvii] in the Mauriacan place,[xxxviii] where it is uncertain by whom Theudericus[xxxix] was killed, as well as Laudaricus the kinsman of Attila. Indeed countless corpses.
Eupronius the bishop was buried in Augustidunum.[xl]
Attila returned and smashed Aquileia.[xli] He had previously devastated more than seventy cities of the East.[xlii]
In the fourth year: Thurismundus[xliii] the king of the Goths besieged Arelate.[xliv] He was killed by his brothers.
Attila was killed.
In the fifth year: Valentinianus was killed outside Rome. After him Maximus[xlv] held power for seventy days. For he was killed in a tumult of the crowd amid the terror of the Vuandals. And soon, after Gensericus entered without sword and fire, Rome was sacked. And afterwards Avitus[xlvi] was emperor.
After five years of ruling with Valentinianus, Marchianus ruled for two more years.
Avitus ruled with him for one year and three months.
In the second year Marchianus died and Avitus was killed by Maiorianus[xlvii] the comes domesticorum at Placencia.[xlviii]
Leo ruled at Constantinople for twenty-one years.
Maiorianus ruled at Rome with Leo for three years and six months.
In the third year: Maiorianus entered Arelate. Though he wished to set out to Affrica, his ships were captured in the Spanish lands by the Vuandals next to Cartago Spartaria.
[In the fourth year]: but after he set out from Arelate to Italy, he was killed by the patrician Recimer[xlix] in Dertona,[l] and Severus,[li] from the Lucanian lands,[lii] was elevated as emperor and consul for four years.
In the fifth year: Fredericus the brother of the king Theudericus[liii] was killed in fighting with the Franks next to Ligeris.[liv]
In the tenth year: Theudericus the king of the Goths was killed by his brother Eurichus[lv] at Tholosa.
Severus the emperor died and Anthimus[lvi] was elevated at Rome for five years.
In the fourteenth year: Antimolus was directed by his father Anthimius with Thorisarius, Everdingus, and Ermianus the comes of the stable to Arelate. Eorichus the king met them on the far side of the Rodanus[lvii] and with the commanders killed, laid waste to everything.
In the fifteenth year: Anthimius the emperor, with a civil war having taken place inside the city, was killed by Ricimer his son-in-law and[lviii] Gundebad.[lix]
In the sixteenth year: Gauterit the comes of the Goths took possession of the Spanish lands through Papilo,[lx] Cesaraugusta[lxi] and neighbouring cities.[lxii]
Heldefredus also with Vincencius the duke of the Spanish lands, after besieging Terrachona,[lxiii] took possession of the coastal cities.[lxiv]
Vincencius indeed sent by Eoricus the king as though he were the master of soldiers was killed by Alla and Sindila the comites in Italy.[lxv]
In the twentieth year: Arelate was captured by Eorichus along with Massilia[lxvi] and the rest of the fortresses.
Zeno was Augustus for thirteen years.[lxvii]
In the seventh year: Eorichus died in Arelate and his son Alaricus[lxviii] was ordained at Tholosa.
In the eleventh year: Theodoricus,[lxix] expelled by the emperor Zeno, entered Italy, with Unulfus put to flight and Odofagrus[lxx] killed.
Anastasius the Augustus ruled for nineteen years.
In the fifteenth year: Alaricus the king of the Goths was killed by the Franks.
Tholosa was burnt by the Franks and Burgundians and Barcinona was captured by Gundefas[lxxi] [the king] of the Burgundians and Geseleycus[lxxii] the king returned to the Spanish lands after the greatest disaster that befell his people.
In the nineteenth year of Emperor Anastasius, it was the consulship of Felix and Secundinus. It was the fourth indiction,[lxxiii] [era 547].
[i] Valens, Eastern Roman emperor who was killed at the Battle of Adrianople in 378 CE.
[ii] Valentinian II.
[iii] Located in modern-day Serbia.
[iv] He served under the Magnus Maximus.
[v] Located in northeast Italy near the border with modern-day Slovenia.
[vi] This parenthetical insertion in square brackets here is my own.
[vii] Mountain range straddling the borders of northeast Italy and Slovenia.
[viii] A region of central Italy.
[x] The Vandals.
[xi] 410 CE.
[xii] Corresponding to the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, including the city of Carthago Nova (modern-day Cartagena in Spain).
[xiii] The region of southwest Iberia.
[xiv] The Vandals at this point had two main divisions: the Hasdingi who settled in the same region as the Suevi, and the Silingi, who settled in the Baetica region of Iberia.
[xv] The Baetica region of southern Iberia.
[xvi] The region of northwest Iberia.
[xvii] Narbonne in modern-day France.
[xviii] Modern-day Barcelona in northeast Spain.
[xix] Wallia, king of the Goths (i.e. Visigoths). He allied with Rome and under his rule a realm was established for his people in what is now southwest France. That realm would subsequently be expanded into Spain.
[xxi] Attaces, king of the Alans in Spain.
[xxii] Toulouse in modern-day France.
[xxiii] Bordeaux in modern-day France.
[xxiv] Gunderic, who at this point in the narrative is implied to be leader of all the Vandals. The remaining Alans in Spain would also have come under his banner.
[xxv] 419 CE.
[xxvi] Beginning in 425 CE.
[xxvii] Carthago Nova.
[xxviii] Seville in modern-day Spain.
[xxix] North Africa, and not the modern-day country of Mauritania.
[xxx] Gaeseric/Genseric, who established the Vandal kingdom in North Africa. Under his leadership, the Vandals sacked Rome in 455 CE.
[xxxi] Seville in modern-day Spain.
[xxxii] Flavius Aetius.
[xxxiii] Flavius Aetius.
[xxxiv] Contrast with the Gallic Chronicle of 451, which mentions that Bleda succeeded as ruler and then Attila, who supposedly had Bleda killed.
[xxxv] Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II and wife of Valentinian III.
[xxxvi] i.e. Pope.
[xxxvii] Troyes in modern-day northern France.
[xxxviii] Also known as the Catalaunian Plains. The battle related here is alluded to in the Gallic Chronicle of 452. Both sides faced huge losses but it appears Attila's losses were more extensive and so he had to withdraw from Gaul.
[xxxix] Theoderic I, king of the Visigoths in the period 418-451 CE.
[xl] Autun in modern-day central France.
[xli] Attila's invasion of Italy in 452 CE.
[xlii] This fact is also mentioned in the Gallic Chronicle of 452.
[xliii] Thorismund, Visigothic king in the period 451-453 CE.
[xliv] Arles in modern-day France.
[xlv] Petronius Maximus, briefly Western Roman emperor in 455 CE.
[xlvi] Western Roman emperor in the period 455-456 CE. The Visigoths supported him.
[xlvii] Majorian, Western Roman emperor in the period 457-461 CE.
[xlviii] Modern-day Piacenza in Italy.
[xlix] Ricimer was a general in the Roman army and of Germanic origin. He was a key figure in Western Roman politics from the time of Majorian's accession to his own death in 472 CE.
[l] Modern-day Tortona in Italy.
[li] Libius Severus, Western Roman emperor in the period 461-465 CE. He was effectively a puppet of Ricimer.
[lii] A region of southern Italy.
[liii] Theoderic II, Visigothic king in the period 453-466 CE.
[liv] The Loire in modern-day France.
[lv] Euric, Visigothic king in the period 466-484 CE.
[lvi] Anthemius, Western Roman emperor in the period 467-472 CE.
[lvii] The river Rhone.
[lviii] The word used here is 'vel,' which in classical Latin means 'or' but in late Latin acquires the force of 'and.'
[lix] Gundobad, who became king of the Burgundians (473-516 CE).
[lx] Pamplona in modern-day Spain.
[lxi] Zaragoza in modern-day Spain.
[lxii] In other words, cementing and formalizing Visigothic control of parts of Spain at the expense of whatever Roman authority and influence remained.
[lxiii] Tarragona in modern-day Spain.
[lxiv] Part of the same trend of cementing and formalizing Visigothic control of parts of Spain.
[lxv] These figures are otherwise unknown but their names suggest Germanic origin.
[lxvi] Marseilles in modern-day France.
[lxvii] Inaccurate. Compare with the Anonymus Valesianus II.
[lxviii] Alaric II, king of the Visigoths in the period 484-507 CE.
[lxix] Theoderic the Great, who became Ostrogothic king of Italy. The account here differs from the Anonymus Valesianus II, which portrays Theoderic as being ordered by Zeno to go to Italy to depose Odoacar on the grounds of reasserting Roman sovereignty there.
[lxxii] Gesalic, Visigothic king in the period 507-511 CE.
[lxxiii] For this, compare with the Anonymus Valesianus II.