Whereas the first book of Julian of Toledo's 'Concerning the Proof of the Sixth Age' primarily focused on the supposed prophecies of Christ's birth and coming contained in the books of the Old Testament, the second book focuses on the evidence contained in the New Testament, primarily highlighting the point that in nowhere in the New Testament is there a discussion of the number of years that have passed since the beginning of the world in order to assert or deny that Jesus is the Messiah. That is, those who bore witness to Jesus or advocated for him- such as John the Baptist, Paul and Peter- did not raise the issue of the number of years since the beginning of the world, nor was it invoked by the Jews denying Jesus' status as the Messiah. Nor did the priests consulted by Herod raise the matter when he inquired about the reported birth of the Messiah. In the end, Julian underlines that true faith requires believing in what one has not seen: while Christians alive today did not see Jesus in the latter's life on Earth, they believe that he was born as the Messiah, died and rose again from the dead, and they believe that he will come again to judge the world. This faith, in some instances, requires believing what cannot be comprehended by reason.
I would like to dedicate this translation and overview to my friend Nathaniel Rabkin, at whose house I had my practice viva voce for my PhD prior to the actual exam earlier this week. Nathaniel, an expert on Iraqi politics, is an excellent Arabic linguist and has always been very supportive of me and my work. I would of course be keen to know whether he finds Julian of Toledo's arguments here convincing.
Below is the text translated with annotations for Biblical references and other references, taken from the critical Latin edition of the text.
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