By now, the story of the disappearance of Russian-Israeli researcher Elizabeth Tsurkov in Iraq is internationally known. It has been thought that the most likely suspect behind the disappearance is an armed faction linked to Iran. For a while, discussions of her fate were speculative, but it is now clear that she is alive in exclusive 'confessions' in a clip broadcast by al-Rabi'a TV, which is run by the Iraqi journalist Ghazwan Jasim.
In general, Jasim has good relations with the Iraqi Shi'a factions that are closer to Iran, though he is not an obvious frontman for a single group (in contrast to how, for instance, al-Ahed TV belongs to Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq, or al-Etejah TV belongs to Kata'ib Hezbollah). Jasim has faced harassment from Sadrists for being a supposed trumpet for the Sadrists' Shi'a rivals. When he and his channel were subject to harassment, Kata'ib Hezbollah endorsed his channel as a supposed example of free and professional press. Before setting up al-Rab'ia TV, Jasim once secured an exclusive interview with Abu Mahdi al-Mohandis (the deputy head of Iraq's 'Popular Mobilization Forces' who was close to Iran and killed in the American assassination of Qasim Soleimani in 2020).
Thus, with the exclusive given to al-Rabi'a TV, it becomes more difficult to say which precise group is holding Tsurkov. While accusations have been made that Kata'ib Hezbollah abducted her, giving the exclusive to al-Etejah TV would have made the group's responsibility obvious. All that can be said is that the matter is clearly out of the hands of the Iraqi government (which would certainly have broadcast a confession on state TV if its regular security apparatuses had arrested her), and that some group with links to Iran is probably holding her. I also do not buy the idea, touted by some observers, that Tsurkov has been taken to Iran.
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