Within the realm of 'terrorism studies' and in wider media discourse, the name of the 'Order of Nine Angles' (O9A), conventionally described as a Nazi Satanist organisation, has become increasingly prominent in recent years, partly on account of some well-publicised instances of criminal activity in which the O9A's name has come up. Most notable in this regard is the case of Ethan Melzer, who was sentenced in March 2023 to 45 years in prison for attempting to murder American military personnel, material support for terrorism, and illegal transmission of information.
According to the press release on his sentencing, Melzer had infiltrated the U.S. army "in service of a neo-Nazi, white supremacist, and jihadist group" (referring to O9A), and he is described as having been a "member of O9A," whose supposed members are encouraged to carry out 'insight roles' to gain experience and prepare to commit acts of violence, all as part of the ultimate aim of causing the "demise of Western civilisation." Part of Melzer's plans for a "jihadi attack" within the U.S. army involved communicating with a purported member of al-Qa'ida, and the release also notes that Melzer consumed Islamic State propaganda.
Melzer's case and other instances of murder and criminal activity have been used to promote the idea that the O9A constitutes an extremely dangerous threat, with Nick Lowles of 'Hope Not Hate' describing O9A as "the most extreme and dangerous far right group operating in Britain" (and also the whole world, apparently) while calling for it to be outlawed as a terrorist organisation. A similar impression was conveyed by the 'Counter-Extremism Project', which once described David Myatt as the founder of O9A and listed him as one of the world's "top 20 most dangerous extremists around the world."
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