Whereas the first part of the prose chronicle of the Emperor Alfonso focused primarily on his relations with other Christian rulers and figures of power in Iberia, the second part concentrates on his conflicts with the Muslim powers in Iberia, primarily represented at that time by the Berber Almoravids, who had eliminated the main ṭāʾifa kingdoms that had arisen out of the decline and fall of the Umayyad caliphate at Cordoba. The chronicle continues up to the time of the final collapse of the Almoravids in Iberia and North Africa, being replaced by the Almohads (another Berber dynasty).
The Muslim forces receive a variety of designations in this part of the work: the author distinguishes the "Moabites" (Berber Almoravids) from their rivals the Almohads, who are generally dubbed the "Muzmuti" but also called the "Assyrians" on two occasions. The Berber Almoravids and Almohads more generally are distinguished from the "Hagarenes" (the Spanish Arabs or Spanish Muslims more generally). Sometimes also we see the term "Arabs" used to refer to some Muslims as opposed to the Berbers. The Muslims more generally (regardless of their ethnicity) receive the designation of the "Saracens" (derived from a supposed false Arab claim of descent from Abraham's wife Sarah) and more derisively, the "pagans."
Despite the Muslims' supposed pagan status and the author's clear hostility to Islam and Muslims (at one point, the author notes how a reconquered city is "cleansed" of the "filth" of the "pagans"), we also learn of Muslims living under the rule of the Emperor Alfonso, most notably a community in the city of Toledo, which allegedly participated in celebrations of Alfonso's triumph. Muslims living under Christian rule in parts of Iberia were known as "Mudéjares" and were afforded some kind of toleration similar to the imposition of the dhimmi status on Christians living under Muslim rule.
Below is a full translation of the second part of the chronicle with annotations, focusing primarily on the Biblical references and explaining words of Arabic origin.
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